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Case Study | Air Pollution Control - Wet Scrubber

Updated: Oct 7, 2023

Wet Scrubber


Air Dynamics Industrial Systems Corporation was approached by Armstrong World Industries to engineer a new wet scrubber. The new design realized savings in tens of thousands of dollars annually in operations & maintenance costs, eliminated an air pollution problem and reduced energy expenditures. This versatile wet scrubber was then repurposed by Air Dynamics to accommodate changes in Armstrong's product and process.


Armstrong World Industries is a leader in the ceiling and flooring industry in the United States. Located in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, Armstrong World Industries manufactures resilient flooring. The PVC flooring is composed of 100% synthetic materials that produce a gaseous chemical discharge. Armstrong was interested in renovating their old air scrubbing process to achieve a more efficient, cost-effective air scrubbing process operation.


After resolving to replace their 70's era air scrubber due to deteriorating performance, excessive maintenance and energy deficiencies, Armstrong contacted Air Dynamics Industrial Systems Corporation for a solution.

Air Dynamics careful analysis and technical solution for Armstrong's replacement air scrubber design enabled a 74% reduction in operating energy cost, 40% reduction in air pollution, and a 96% total reduction in operations and maintenance (O&M) costs. The impact of these reductions is clear when the old scrubber’s annual operating cost of $187,200 was reduced to only 3.5%, roughly $6,593.

The existing air scrubber was installed in 1974, and the inefficiencies were readily apparent upon inspection by the engineers from Air Dynamics. The design of the previous system required sixteen hours of maintenance per week. Leaks around the equipment were readily apparent to Air Dynamic's engineers (See photo below). Several chemical compounds such as Diisoheptyl1, Diisononyl Phthalate2, and Isopar Hydrocarbon Fluid3 are used in the

production of vinyl flooring. 4 The high O&M costs were key reasons to renovate the previous design. Armstrong World Industries decided to move forward with Air Dynamics’ design offering to provide a high efficiency, low energy wet scrubber.


Air Dynamics’ design assured a clean and efficient system via the four-stage scrubbing process. The duct work transports the collected gaseous chemical vapors from the vinyl ovens into the first stage of the wet scrubber where it decelerates and cooled rapidly. Cold

water is combined with the hot vapors, rapidly decreasing the temperature from 350 degrees Fahrenheit out of the ovens to approximately 100 degrees Fahrenheit. The cooler, condensed

concentration of chemicals pass through a combination of mechanical separation and water cooling. After passing through a media, the majority of the chemicals filter through the bottom of the unit into a sump for storage and later disposition and processing.

The remainder travel into the third phase, wherein low pressure passes the air through another level of mechanical separation that removes the remaining chemicals from the air stream. Finally, any chemical droplets are separated in the last chamber through a final permanent media. The air is discharged into the atmosphere via the fan on the clean side

of the scrubber. The result is a clean and energy efficient scrubbing process.

Air Dynamics Industrial System Corp. assessed the deficiencies in the old system and additionally identified several ways to reduce the O&M costs of the unit while making the new design easy to operate and maintain. The new system cut the size of the old scrubber from 50,000 lbs. of equipment to roughly 25,000 lbs. This eliminated the necessity to replace filters and thus delivering a more efficient and compact solution. The new system Air Dynamics

delivered is a low energy industrial scrubber, or an air pollution control device (APCD). The product is a hydrodynamic scrubber, or wet scrubber. This scrubber is designed to convert the chemical vapors from the vinyl ovens into liquid/solid particulate droplets for mechanical separation. The new design was manufactured with 304 stainless steel and equipped with PLC automation and controls.

As requested by Armstrong World Industries, Air Dynamics designed the new system horizontally for ease of access. The design additionally improved the scrubbing process with selection of permanent medias within the low energy scrubber. Air Dynamics further increased the efficiency of the scrubber by utilizing a combination of process cooling coupled

with progressive mechanical separation.


Air Dynamics Industrial Systems Corporation designed and produced from the ground-up a cleaner, more efficient scrubber tailored specifically for the issues that Armstrong World Industries was facing. The new system met all requirements from Armstrong. The new system additionally realized monetary savings in O&M and reduced excessive energy expenditures that the old system required to operate. A specific example would be the reduction of a weekly 16-hour maintenance routine to a mere four hours a month. Furthermore, the new systems’ permanent media saved an average of $100,000 a year in annual replacement fees compared to the previous fiberglass media in the old scrubber.

After quantifying the savings realized for Armstrong World Industries by adopting a new hydrodynamic scrubber system the results are markedly cost effective. By utilizing Air Dynamic’s best solution, best product model Armstrong World Industries was provided with the ultimate long-term solution to their problem, and now represent the cutting edge of wet scrubbing technology.


Founded in 1991, Air Dynamics Industrial Systems Corporation designs and manufactures Turn-key industrial air cleaning systems. See what we're capable of online or give us a call to discuss your specific air and material moving challenge.

Phone: (717) 854-4050

Armstrong Case Study
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